What causes itchy eyes and how is it treated? The following article will help you answer these questions, let’s find out right away!
Itchy eyes, also known as itchy eyes, can have a big impact on your daily life. There are many causes for this symptom, but the most common are still allergies and infections. Treatment for itchy eyes also varies depending on the cause.
1. Itchy eyes due to seasonal allergies.
If itchy eyes often occur at regular intervals around the same time of year, this is most likely due to seasonal allergies. Accordingly, the easiest way to recognize it is that itchy eyes are often accompanied by some other allergic reactions such as sneezing, stuffy nose…
Usually, these allergy symptoms are triggered by Histamine – a compound produced by cells to fight allergens. At the same time, Histamine also causes some inflammatory reactions and allergic eye irritation. To limit or lessen the severity of this allergy, you need to:
– Pay attention to weather forecast information and should limit going out at times when the weather changes causing negative reactions to the body (it’s too cold, lots of rain…)
– Regularly shower and wash clothes. At the same time, over-the-counter antihistamines can be used to relieve symptoms.
2. Eye infections.
Eye infections are also one of the causes of itchy eyes. The most common causes of eye infections are bacteria, viruses, and fungi.
Conjunctivitis is one of the most common eye infections causing itchy eyes today. The eyes of people with this disease will often turn pink, the eyes are itchy and dry. This causes discomfort and fatigue for the patient.
People with conjunctivitis will usually be treated with antibiotics, along with anti-inflammatory steroids when needed. In some cases, the inflammation is so severe that certain immunosuppressive drugs will be used.
3. Dry eyes.
Tears are a mixture of water, oil and mucus, which helps to maintain the moisture balance in the eyes. However, sometimes due to a number of different reasons, your eyes may stop producing tears, which will make your eyes dry and lead to itchy eyes.
This dry eye condition is more common in the elderly population. At this age, the production of tears tends to wane. Besides, a number of other diseases such as diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis … will also cause a lack of tears.
In addition, people who use drugs such as antidepressants, birth control pills, antihypertensive drugs, decongestants, etc. will also often have a high risk of dry eyes. For some other cases, if you often work a lot or stay in an environment with low humidity, a lot of wind, etc., you will also easily experience dry eyes.
This dry eye condition can be remedied with some suitable eye drops, especially over-the-counter artificial tears. What you need to do is make eye drops according to the instructions from the doctor.
4. Inflammation of the eyelids.
Blepharitis (also known as blepharitis) is also one of the causes of itchy and red eyes. This condition usually occurs when the small oil glands at the base of the eyelashes become blocked. In addition to symptoms such as itchy eyes, red eyes, eyelid inflammation also causes a number of other symptoms such as swelling, pain, watery eyes …
This blepharitis does not cause vision loss, but it can become a chronic problem, which can lead to other complications such as conjunctivitis and others. For mild cases, eyelid inflammation can be corrected by keeping the eyelids clean. For severe cases, the patient needs to see a doctor for a check-up and appropriate treatment.
5. Use contact lenses.
Wearing contact lenses for too long in the eyes or not cleaning and not changing lenses regularly will also easily cause pink eye. This irritates the eyes and causes an allergic eye reaction and redness.
To avoid this, if you regularly wear contact lenses, you can take careful steps to care for your lenses and change them regularly. To have a healthy eye, doctors have given advice that:
– Minimize eye rubbing: When your eyes are sore or itchy, you need to try to refrain from rubbing your eyes. This can increase the likelihood and severity of infection.
– Have a healthy diet, complete with vitamin A and Omega 3 fatty acids.
Above are some sharing about the causes of itchy eyes and different effective treatments. Hope to help you have more useful knowledge about this itchy eye!